Dictionary

Get a Quote

Here you will find a number of frequently used terms in the card industry with a short summary. Further information can be found on wikipedia. We have tried to provide you with a link for most the terms. Should you have any further questions, please contact the Lotsa Plastic Cards helpdesk (info@lotsaplasticcards.com.au)

Barcode

A barcode is an optical machine-readable representation of data, which shows certain data on products.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barcode)

Black core layer

Black core layer is an extra sheet in the core of a paper scratch cards under the location of the personalization, making sure the information can’t shine through the back of the card.  

Bleed

Bleed is the area of artwork that is extended beyond the actual dimensions of the card which should always be included when supplying us with your artwork to avoid white bars around the edges of the cards.

CD Business card

CD business card is a CR80 sized CD, which can be ued to put relevant data on. It’s a popular novelty in for example the advertising and promotion business.

Coercivity

Coercivity is the intensity of the applied magnetic field required to reduce the magnetization of that material to zero after the magnetization of the sample has been driven to saturation.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coercivity)

Contact card

Contact smart cards have a contact area, comprising several gold-plated contact pads, that is about 1 cm square. When inserted into a reader, the chip makes contact with electrical connectors that can read information from the chip and write information back.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_card)

Contactless card

A second type of smart card is the contactless smart card, in which the chip communicates with the card reader through RFID induction technology. These cards require only close proximity to an antenna to complete transaction. They are often used when transactions must be processed quickly or hands-free, such as on mass transit systems, where smart cards can be used without even removing them from a wallet.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_card)

CR80

CR80 is the standard ‘creditcard’ size, basically the size of most of the plastic card you hold in your wallet. The cards are 85.60mm (3.4″) x 53.98mm (2.15″), and 0.76mm (30 mil) thick.

DVD Business card

DVD business card is a CR80 sized DVD, which can be ued to put relevant data on. It’s a popular novelty in for example the advertising and promotion business.

Embossing

Embossing is the process of creating a three-dimensional image or design on plastic cards. For example the golden or silver text on your credit card.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embossing_(paper))

Encoding

Encoding is the process of transforming information from one format into another. In this case we program the data to a chip of magnetic strip.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encoding)

Flip chip

Flip chip bonding is the latest RFID/Proximity chip interconnecting method. Instead of using copper coil (antenna) the chips is connected with aluminum coil, which is pasted to the connection points on theRFID chip. This allows the smartcard to become even more thinner then before. Mass transit companies often use these type of cards with for example Mifare ultralight chips.(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flip_chip)   

Font type

A font is traditionally defined as a complete character set of single size and style of a particular typeface. There are many font types. Should we not have the exact font then we will ask you to send it to us, or we will match it with our own font types.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Font)

HiCo Magnetic Strip

HiCo magnetic strip is one of the two options. High-coercivity magnetic strips are more difficult to erase, and therefore are appropriate for cards that are frequently used or that need to have a long life. The most frequent used HiCo’ers are 2,750Oe and 4,000Oe. The magnetic strip can be produced in many different colors.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_stripe_card#Magnetic_stripe_coercivity)

Hot stamping

Hot stamping is a dry printing method in which a heated die and foil are used to apply graphics to a surface. This is one method of security printing. Lotsa Plastic Cards has a minimum order of 10,000 cards for this option.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_stamping)

Inkjet printing

Inkjet printing reproduces a digital image by propelling variable-sized droplets of liquid or molten material (ink) onto a card. After the card has been personalized the ink will be dried immediately, with UV lights.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inkjet_printing#Thermal_inkjets)

Lamination

Lamination is a small layer of plastic on top of your card. This thin see through layer will bond with the card through heating process. The result is a strong card that is protected against water and dirt.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamination)

Laser engraving

Laser engraving is the personalization practice using lasers to engrave or mark the card. The technique is more complex then the other options for personalization and a little bit more expensive. Lotsa Plastic Cards advises you to do this only for chip cards (personalization of the chip numbers) or metal cards.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laser_engraving)

LoCo magnetic strip

LoCo magnetic strip is one of two options. Low-coercivity magnetic strips can store less data compared to the HiCo card. The most frequent used LoCo’s is the 300Oe. The magnetic strip can be produced in many colors.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_stripe_card#Magnetic_stripe_coercivity)

MIFARE

MIFARE is the most widely installed contactless smartcard or proximity card chip technology in the world.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIFARE)

MOQ

Minimal Order Quantity. We use MOQ for some items due to a limited shelf life or a low demand for a certain product. Contact the sales team for further information (info@thelotsagroup.com)

Oersted (Oe)

Oersted is the unit to measure the coercivity of for example magnetic strips.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oersted)

PET

PET (Polyethyleentereftalaat) is a good alternative for the standard PVC cards. These cards have a long life span (4 to 5 years) and are there for less damaging for the environment.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyethylene_terephthalate)

PETG

PETG (Polyethyleentereftalaatglycol) is and even better alternative to replace PVC. These cards have life span of 6 to 7 years and are there fore even more less harmful for the environment as the standard PETcards.
(http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/PETG)

Pixel

In digital imaging, a pixel is a single point in a raster image. The pixel is the smallest addressable screen element; it is the smallest unit of picture that can be controlled.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pixel)

PLA

PLA (Polylactic acid) cards are the so-called ‘Bio cards’, they are made of biodegradable material like for example starch or corn.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polylactic_acid)

POS

Point of Sale is the location where a transaction occurs. A “checkout” refers to a POS terminal or more generally to the hardware and software used for checkouts, the equivalent of an electronic cash register.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Point_of_sale)

Proximity Cards

Proximity cards is another term to describe contactless cards, these are cards with an intergrated circuit device. Examples of proximity/contactless cards are the Mifare 1K (S50)Mifare 4K (S70)EM4100 etc.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proximity_card)

Raised surface printing

A special print technique that applies an additional layer on the card and gives it is unique character. Many companies that would like to give their loyalty or gift cards something extra use it. The ink will be purchased separately, thus a minimum order of 10,000 cards is required.

RFID

Radio Frequency Identification is the technology that is being used in our contactless cards. The chip sends out a continuous signal true a copper wire inside the card. Information on the chip can be accessed when the card is close enough to the reader. This distance varies per chip.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio-frequency_identification)

Scented ink

Scented ink is special ink that will let your card smell to your own preference. There are different scents available including: rose chocolate, strawberry and coffee. Contact the sales department (info@thelotsagroup.com) for availability of other fragrances. The ink will be purchased separately and as a result has a minimum order of 10,000 cards.

Scratch off

The scratch off layer ia a latex (usually) layer that conceals a part of the card. In the case of mobile phone recharge cards this is usually a number. And in the case of scratch & win cards it’s often a sequence of pictures or numbers that can generate a price.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scratch_off)

Signature panel

A signature panel is an area on the plastic card which can be used to write on. Normally you’ll find the signature panel on the back of for example your credit card or loyalty card. Nowadays more options are possible and a transparent can be applied over a part, or the entire surface of the card.

Spectrum

A spectrum is a condition that is not limited to a specific set of values but can vary infinitely within a continuum. Like a spectrum of colors.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spectrum)

Thermal printing

Thermal printing is the process where trough heating an image is created on the plastic card. This is where the cards are being personalized with a number and/or text in black (other colors are possible). The printer uses the uploaded data in a excel file and will personalize 1 line per card. Thermal printers use print ribbons to print.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_printing)

USB card

A USB Card is a CR80 sized card with an USB memory stick that can be moved in and out the card. It’s a popular novelty in for example the advertising and promotion business. 

UV ink

UV or Ultra Violet is mainly used as an additional security option, the ink becomes visible when its held under a UV lamp. You will see this a lot on credit cards, driver licenses, bank notes and public transits passes.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultraviolet)

Vector graphics

When enlarging (zoom-in) on a vector graphic there will be no loss in resolution. Marketing and/or advertising companies might have sent you such a logo.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vector_graphics)